Measuring and Budgeting for Carpet
How much carpet do I need to buy?
Glad you asked because it’s one of the #1 ways people are ripped off when buying carpet.
The people who don’t measure their own rooms give the retailer or installer a dangerous amount of flexibility to rip you off.
They may not even do it intionally, but if you don’t have an idea how much square feet you need, they can just over-measure by 20%. Add that cost to your carpet, pad, and installation and it might be a $1,000 mistake.
Here’s other reasons it’s important to figure out how much carpet you need for yourself:
- prevents you from getting ripped off
- helps you create a budget
- allows you to buy the carpet yourself (online or in-store)
By the way, when it comes time to get an installer, a company called HomeAdvisor will do much of the homework for you, and you’ll get bids from 3 installers in your area. Click here to enter a form with your zip code to get free quotes (full disclosure: I get a small commision, but I do like their service)
I’ll start the article covering why estimating carpet is difficult. Then, we’ll dive in steps on how to figure out exactly how much carpet you need.
Why Estimating Carpet the Right Way is Difficult
Accurately measuring carpet will give you a headache. It’s a two-step process that is much more difficult than you might initially assume. The first step is to measure you how much area needs carpeted (this is the easy part), and the second step is to determine how much carpet you will need to cover this area (this is wear it gets tricky).
The second part is tricky because carpet comes only in 12ft, 13-6ft, or 15ft rolls, and many times only in 12 foot rolls. This means, no matter how wide your room is, you have to order a 12 foot width of carpet (or 13-6 or 15 depending on what’s available). To complicate this further, you can’t just chop up the carpet and lay it any way. The installer has to take into account where seams will be, what way the carpet fibers lie, and what directions patterns are going. Each of these factors affects how much carpet is purchased.
This may be a little confusing, so here are two examples that demonstrate the problem I described above:
A small room size example (the roll size is the problem): Let’s say you are carpeting a bedroom that is 10 feet by 10 feet. You can do the math and determine that the area of this room is 100 square feet (10 *10 = 100). However, we discussed earlier that rolls come in widths of 12 feet, so the width can’t be any smaller than this. You’ll buy 10 feet (the length) of the 12 foot roll. This equals 120 square feet (10 * 12 = 120) or 20% more than the actual area of the room! This extra carpet is either stored to use as backup carpet (if you ever have a damaged spot you want to patch), or the installer can take it away.
A larger room example (seams and carpet patterns are the problem): Now let’s pretend you have another bedroom, but this one is bigger: 16 feet by 20 feet. Let’s say the carpet you choose only comes in 12 feet rolls (even if it came in 15 feet you’d still be short of the 16 foot width). This means that you can get 20 feet of the carpet, but an entire area 4-feet wide along the 20 foot wall won’t be carpeted (16 foot room width – 12 foot carpet roll width = 4 feet). The solution is to purchase more than 20 feet of length and use the extra length to fill in the gap. It may seem like you could do simple math to determine how much extra length to buy to fill in the 4 foot gap; unfortunately, it’s not that easy. Since you will want the carpet in as few cut pieces as possible, and the patterns and carpet to lay the same direction, the installer has to make a diagram to determine the correct amount to purchase—it’s more of an art than a science!
You’re probably thoroughly confused at this point, but don’t worry because it really doesn’t matter. The point of these examples is to show you why it’s impossible to predict exactly how much carpet you will need. The good news is you’re about to learn a method that is easy to follow, and will give you a ball park estimate that’s good enough to create a budget and keep your installer honest.
First things first: how to measure your rooms
This is the easy part. The only equipment needed is a tape measure, calculator, and pen and paper to write down your measurements. Then follow these simple steps:
- Start at one end of the room, and use the tape measure to measure to the other side of the room. Write this measurement down.
- Next, repeat this measuring the other distance of the room.
- Take your two measurements and multiply them. This is the square footage for that room.
- Repeat steps 1-3 for every room that is going to be carpeted.
- Add the square footage for each room together to get the total square footage.
Pretty easy, huh?
The 10% Rule
If you didn’t skip the top of the article, you have an appreciation for why estimating the carpet you’ll need is so difficult: seams, pattern matching, roll sizes, etc. The good news for you is you’re not an installer, and you don’t have to be exact. You can use the 10% rule: take whatever carpet total square footage measurement you came up with and multiple it by ‘1.10’. In example, if you determined that all of your rooms total 1,000 square feet, then you’ll estimate that you should purchase approximately 1,100 square feet. Just keep in mind that the true amount of carpet you need will vary from 2% to 20% more than what you measured—10% is just an average for estimation purposes.
What about stairs?
Stairs get complicated. There are many different sizes and different ways you can carpet them, so I’ll give you a secret to simplify things: don’t measure the stairs. Instead, you measure the rest of the house, but don’t let the store/installer know you did until they give their estimate. Then you check if the installers estimate seems reasonable compared to your estimate. If you feel like the installer cheated you, you’ll want to do business with another store. If you feel the installer was honest with their estimate compared to what you measured, chances are you can also trust their estimate on the stairs.
Captain’s parting words!
Now you won’t be one of the unfortunate homeowners who pay for way more carpet than they need.
If you want a little more assistance in getting an estimate on your project costs, make sure to check out my floor cost calculator. It will let you compare different types and qualities of floors. It’s a simple enter your room measurements and it spits out an answer calculator.